Jalan Pattimura RT 005 RW 002, Waikabubak Sumba Barat
Sumba Tribe History
World Tribe ~ origin of the name of this tribe is specified may be derived dar humba word, which means “original”. sumba residents call themselves Tau Humba, or indigenous people who inhabit the island of Sumba. Their territory now covers West Sumba and East Sumba.
Languange Sumba Tribe
Language Sumba has some two dialects, namely West Sumba dialect called Meiwewa languages and dialects of East Sumba also called Kambera language. Meiwewa language consists of several dialects (sub dialect), which is a dialect Kodi, Wewewa West, East Wewewa, Waejewa, Laura and Walakaka. While Kambera language consists of several dialects (sub dialect), which is a dialect Manggikina, Manggarikuna and Kambera. Its population in 1960 of about 250,000 inhabitants, now around 381,000 inhabitants.
Livelihood Tribe Sumba
Sumba main livelihood is farming tribes in the fields and little in the fields and raising livestock like buffalo, cows, and horses. Sumba tribe is also famous for its traditional woven dikejakan livelihood as a sideline. Besides weaving goods from pandanus and bamboo, they also make jewelry from buffalo bone and horn, as well as equipment of iron.
Settlement of Sumba are generally established in a hilly area by selecting a flat land as a central orientation ritual. The terrain for the religious ceremony they call established paraing and nearby houses that are inhabited only during the dry season, as the rainy season they are busy in the fields and lived in temporary huts. The traditional house called uma kabihu (clan house) it has a roof model “joglo” tall. On the highest floor below the roof it is a place to put stuff marapu equipment, namely genuine trust them.
The system is patrilineal lineage, where nuclear families prefer to cluster into families that make up the limited area again the unity of the clan. Leadership systems relatives still have an impact until now. Each clan has a leader called Rato. The dominant clans regard themselves as aristocrats, and they are usually called class maramba. Ordinary folk group called kabisu. In former times also known as a class of slaves who served the group maramba, they called ata.
Sumba society is divided into groups of spacious family (clan) they call kabihu. Marriages must be exogamy clan, because it formed a marriage alliance position, where there is kabihu whom it acts as a deterrent or a woman, and a woman or laija kabihu receiver. Status deterrent is considered higher than the laija indicated in indigenous ceremonies and rituals. Polygyny among the nobility were allowed.
Religion and Belief Sumba
Although at present the Sumba had many converts to Christianity and Islam, but is still bound to the original trust is also quite a lot. Religion heritage ancestor of Sumba called marapu, full marapu humba (original ancestral religion). They know a lot about the life cycle ceremonies, especially the ceremonies associated with mortality and fertility.