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Ritual Pasola

Is one part of a series of traditional ceremonies performed by the people of Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara, which still adheres to the original religion called Marapu. Usually begins with the ceremony of “nyale” namely the search for worms on the beach by Rato (imam Marapu). If nyale which appeared many meaningful harvest will be bountiful and vice versa. Pasola form of the game is ‘at war’ carried out by two groups by way of riding. The traditional ceremony is performed every year in February or March. Pasola held in four villages in the West Sumba district. The four villages, among others Kodi and Lamboya, Wonokaka, and Gaura. A series of ceremonies is done in order to plead.

Chronology Ritual

Such Bijalungu Sharks paana, Pasola implementation was preceded by a series of rituals associated. Other locations and organizers, as well other rituals. The most complete is the rituals carried out at Wanokaka, which we take as an example the following:

1. Purung Laru Loda:
Literally purung laru Loda mean lower strap ban, and that which was first performed by Rato in the villages are responsible Pasola Waigalli, Ubu Bewi, Lahi Pangabang, Prai Goli and Puli. Laru Purung Lado is the start of the month Wulla Biha or taboos with a number of restrictions that must be obeyed by all citizens.

2. Timing
The timing of the implementation of pasola which coincided with the rise of the full moon feast. The main basis of this calculation is the shape of the moon, which is supported by the appearance of the signs of nature like …. As it is related to the appearance nyale as an indicator yields only happens once a year, then the timing is vital. Estimates may be done in advance, but the exact date is not. The Rato very carefully read the signs of nature as one determining means date nyale will not show up on time, and for them it can therefore be regarded as a misfortune.

3. Pati Rahi
This is the concept of four the same day as the Sharks Bijalungu paana: four days before the feast filled important rituals. On the first day, the rato of village Waigalli (which in this ritual act as kabisu Ina-Ama) held a visitation to Waiwuang, Praigoli and Lahi Majeri to see the preparations that have been made ahead of the H. On the second day, a traditional boxing game (Pakujil) was held on the beach Teitena, which according to legend is the location where strandings Ubu Dulla brothers. The third day is a day of solid activity, where the rituals continued to be continued until the peak points in the fourth day. Ritual third day began with Palaingu Jara which means runaway horse, a kind of dress rehearsal for the horses and the knights who will compete tomorrow. In the evening all rato Pasola organizers gathered in Ubu Bewi to perform a series of rituals and worship, among others Kajalla, ritual accountability delivered in the form of a question and answer poem by all kabisu pasola organizers. There are also a number of chicken slaughter as a medium to predict events that will happen when pasola underway. And again: observing the moon, which this time appeared perfect as a harbinger of the coming final Nyale and pasola. The event was closed around 3am with penabuhan sacred drums as a sign pasola was late and traditional rhombus already be eaten (nganang katupat).

4. Madidi Nyale
Ritual which literally means to call this nyale take place on the beach Wanokaka on the fourth day Pati Rahi. Ritual began shortly before dawn after the group finished performing the ritual Rato in Ubu Bewi and trooped to the beach to preside over the ceremony. Residents and tourists also come hunting nyale, marine worms colorful addition to savory snacks also be used as an indicator crop. Nyale many and clean means abundant harvest. Nyale dirty and biting each other means there rat. Nyale foul means excessive rain (so that rice can be rotten). Nyale not appear mean droughts (could lead to famine).

5. Pasola
Things diselenggrakan Pasola sequentially in two different places. The first one on the beach Wanokaka after Madidi Nyale. The second in the main arena Kamaradena from 09:00 until around noon. Pasola is a fight between the two camps, and as befits the fight, participants were not restricted. Each faction using its own tactics and struggled against an adversary. Often there are injured and even some are dead, but sportsmanship remains upheld. There is an unwritten rule that revenge should not be taken out of the ring, replying okay but wait pasola next. Spilled blood is also considered as a positive sign that the harvest will be plentiful. Pasola roots are deeply embedded in the culture of the people of West Sumba make pasola not just the crowd alone. First he was a religious cult, a form of devotion and acclamation obedience to ancestral spirits. Secondly, referring to his legend, pasola is a form of crisis resolution rate through `bellum pacificumà ¢ â, ¬ â” ¢ peace or war in a traditional ritual. Third, as an adhesive fabric of brotherhood. The game of any type including pasola always been a potent social facilities. Especially for kabisu-kabisu directly involved. During pasola progress.

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